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Ovarian Cysts: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Ovarian cysts are little size sacs filled with fluid that appear inside the ovaries of a woman. There are majority of the ovarian cysts that are not dangerous but some can cause problems including pain, rupturing and bleeding. In order to remove cysts, doctors recommend surgery. Now the question is that how these cysts develop in women’s ovaries.

Normally, women contain two ovaries that perform functionality of storing and also releasing eggs. Each ovary has a walnut size and one ovary is present of both sides of uterus. Each ovary is capable to produce single egg in one month and this as a result begins the menstrual cycle of women each month. Follicle is a sac in which the eggs are enclosed. An egg produces in women’s ovary before starting estrogen and then it forces uterus to generate itself for egg. In response to this process, the uterus lining starts to increase their thickness and prepare to implant the fertilized egg that causes the pregnancy. This complete cycle happens in every month and mostly it stops till there is no sign of egg to fertilize. In case, the egg is not fertilized, the uterus contents start to expel. This is known as a menstrual period.

Types of ovarian cysts

There are several types of ovarian cysts and most common types are as under:

  • Follicular cyst
    When follicle collapses with itself or when the ovulation does not happen, then Follicular cyst generate. Normally, this happens at ovulation time and it starts growing to almost 2.3 inches size in diameter. It can cause severe pain on sides of ovary where the cyst develops. This pain (known ad mittelschmerz) occurs at the center of Menstrual at the time of ovulation.
  • Corpus luteum cyst
    When an egg releases from the follicle, this type of ovarian happens. If you have corpus luteum cyst then a follicle also generates in your body which is called as corpus luteum. If a woman does not get pregnant then the corpus luteum cyst breaks down and eventually vanishes.
  • Hemorrhagic cyst
    This functional type of cyst happens when the bleeding comes during a cyst. When hemorrhagic occurs, patient many have abdominal pain in one side of body where the cyst is present.
  • Dermoid ovarian cyst
    This is a benign tumor and sometimes it is related to the mature cystic teratoma. Normally, this type of cyst occurs in young women and grows to about 6 inches size.
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What causes ovarian cysts

There are various factors that can develop ovarian cysts in women’s body. These possible factors include:

  • If you have previous history of ovarian cysts
  • If there is irregular cycle of menstrual;
  • When the distribution of upper body fat starts increasing;
  • When the menstruation occurs early;
  • Infertility;
  • Hormonal imbalance or Hypothyroidism;
  • If you have passed with Tamoxifen therapy of breast cancer.


Ovarian cysts symptoms

Normally, all kinds of ovarian cysts do not show any symptom and find through physical examination of body or by ultrasound performed due to some other reasons. Well! Ovarian cyst’s patients may show some symptoms as given below:

  • Pelvic or abdominal pain which starts as an ovarian cyst symptom (PCOS) and then eventually stops without any treatment. It many occur sudden and most probably it is very severe and sharp.
  • Non-regular menstrual periods.
  • Feelings of pressure with pelvic and abdominal pain.
  • It might also possible that a patient may face pelvic pain for long time during the menstrual period that may feel on back.
  • Infertility
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Pressure or sharp pain with urine
  • Bleeding from vagina


Ovarian cysts diagnosis

Medical experts have performed various tests in order to see whether a woman is infected with ovarian cyst. Below are few popular tests that can be used to diagnose the ovarian cysts.

Endovaginal ultrasound
This is a special ultrasound introduced by health care practitioners in order to examine the pelvic organs. Endovaginal ultrasound is one of the best tests that are performed to diagnose an ovarian cyst in women.

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Laparoscopic surgery
In this process, the surgeon creates little incisions by which the laparoscope is passed in abdomen. Laparoscope is a type of scope that is thin in its size. The surgeon examines the ovarian cyst by using this scope and removes it completely from body or performs a biopsy.

Testing of pregnancy
If a pregnant woman has ovarian cysts then the treatment will also different that if it is present in a healthy and non-pregnant woman. Ectopic pregnancy should be rules here because its symptoms may be similar to those of cysts.

Ovarian cysts medical treatment

The ovarian cyst pain typical for well-known polycystic ovarian disease is very severe and most patients cannot bear it. Ovarian cysts treatment, and their removal surgery techniques involve laparoscopic surgery, Laparotomy and ovarian torsion surgery.

Delores C. West is a compassionate healthcare professional with a focus on women's health and wellness. As a certified nurse-midwife, Delores is dedicated to providing comprehensive care to women throughout their reproductive journey. With a warm and nurturing approach, she empowers her patients to make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Delores's expertise in women's health makes her a trusted resource for individuals seeking personalized and compassionate care. Connect with her on LinkedIn to learn more about her commitment to women's health and wellness.