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Female Sterilization

Female sterilization In modern times, women are conscious about the need to keep their families small. They make use of different methods of birth control to prevent unwanted pregnancies. One of these methods is female sterilization which is a permanent method of birth control. This is because the fallopian tubes of the woman who is operated upon are clamped or sealed leaving no chance of conception. Thus male sperms have no way to swim up to the uterus to fertilize eggs. Female sterilization is a cheap and very effective way to ensure that a woman will no conceive again. Thus it is a very popular means of birth control in all parts of the world. According to an estimate, nearly 33% of the women who make use of birth control methods have undergone female sterilization, also called tubal ligation.

There are many questions in the minds of women

Despite female sterilization being so popular there are still many questions and queries made by women regarding this method of birth control. How does sterilization work? What is sterilization? How safe is sterilization? What are the benefits of sterilization? These are some of the typical questions that are asked by women who want to know more about this permanent, one time operation that gives them freedom from unwanted pregnancies. Considering the positive aspects of sterilization, governments all over the world make sure they disseminate as much information about this one time procedure as possible. In this age of information, internet is one source from where all information about tubal ligation can be easily accessed. But whether a woman has doubts about sterilization or not, one fact is there and that is that tubal ligation is very effective in preventing pregnancies. Once a woman undergoes this surgical procedure, there is 99% protection from conception even if she does not make use of any other birth control method. The lack of tubal patency and common tubal blockage can be checked by Hysterosalpingogram.

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Why sterilization

  • It is a long term solution to avoid conception;
  • Sterilization is more or less permanent;
  • It is cheap and simple operation;
  • After sterilization, there is no need for any birth control method.


Different types of sterilization

Female sterilization is not a single procedure and there are many types of procedures under this broad category of birth control method. Broadly speaking, there are just two types of sterilization. One is where no cut or incision is made and the other where incision is made. The type of sterilization where no incision is made is called hysteroscopic and includes procedures like Adiana and Essure. The incision methods of sterilization are called differently such as laparoscopy, mini laparotomy, laparotomy, and so on. It is not in the hands of a woman to decide which type of sterilization is best for her. It is her doctor who decides on the basis of her past medical history and her physical condition the type of ensure sterilization that will be ideal for her.

If you want to know what happens during sterilization with Adiana, two small plugs are inserted by the gynecologist in the fallopian tubes of the patient. Soon, there is a tissue growth close to the plugs which blocks the fallopian tubes. Hysteroscope is the instrument that is inserted inside the vagina. This instrument provides heat to the fallopian tubes and the spots where heat is applied are used to place tiny plugs.

Another common sterilization method is Essure. If you do not know what happens during Essure, two coils are inserted inside fallopian tubes instead of plugs while the tubes get blocked because of scar tissue growth because of these coils.

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No incision methods of female sterilization

Both Adiana and Essure do not work right away to provide protection against conception. This is because incision is not made to get inside fallopian tubes. Doctors wait for a period of 3 months and confirm through X-ray that the fallopian tubes are indeed blocked. However, more women go with Adiana and Essure considering there is no surgery and incisions involved with these two types of female sterilization or tubaligation. These two methods are also preferred because of very little recovery time after operation. In many instances, women have gone back to work right after the procedure as there was no surgery involved. With no incisions, there are no scars on the body of the woman. This is one big attraction of these sterilization methods. How will I feel after sterilization or how long it takes to recover after sterilization are your concerns, these are non issues really with these special methods of female sterilization.

Most women feel slight discomfort after these operations and side effects like pain in abdominal area along with nausea, vomiting, and dizziness are commonly experienced by women. However, most side effects are temporary in nature and go away in a few days. In some cases, the first operation is not successful as plugs and coils are not put in right place in the fallopian tubes. Injury to uterus is not completely ruled out in rare instances in Essure and Adiana. Despite risks and complications, more women prefer Adiana and Essure to get a onetime solution to their problem of unwanted conception.

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Delores C. West is a compassionate healthcare professional with a focus on women's health and wellness. As a certified nurse-midwife, Delores is dedicated to providing comprehensive care to women throughout their reproductive journey. With a warm and nurturing approach, she empowers her patients to make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Delores's expertise in women's health makes her a trusted resource for individuals seeking personalized and compassionate care. Connect with her on LinkedIn to learn more about her commitment to women's health and wellness.