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Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) as a Menstrual Cycle Controller

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) as a Menstrual Cycle Controller

What is a Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

Follicle-stimulating hormone, also recognized as FSH, is a sexual and developmental hormone in women. The pituitary gland forms this hormone. It plays a very vital role in the menstrual cycle. FSH keeps on regulating the cycle and helps produce the eggs in the ovaries. Due to this it is considered quite important in the process of female fertility.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) as a Menstrual Cycle Controller
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) as a Menstrual Cycle Controller

The levels of FSH may vary throughout the woman’s menstrual cycle, but they are at their peaks at the time of ovulation. Sometimes, when the level of FSH is either quite high or low, it symbolizes that the woman may face problems in fertility. Due to this, there may be problems in the fertility process. This state is called the inability to get pregnant after one year of sex without any kind of protection.

High FSH levels

If the FSH level is high in women, it may lead to problems related to ovulation or can even cause polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as polycystic ovarian disease. In few cases the high level of FSH indicates the start of the menopause. The levels are a bit higher in the post-menopausal. In each of these cases there may be some negative effect on the ability of the woman to get pregnant.

Low FSH levels

On the other hand, low FSH levels indicate a problem with egg production. Apart from this, the other cause of low FSH levels may be the pituitary gland, which is responsible for producing this hormone.

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Other reasons for the low FSH level may be the high level of stress the woman is facing or maybe she is underweight. If she is underweight, she needs to gain weight to achieve normal FSH levels. Low FSH levels may not improve fertility, but maintaining the balance of FSH is necessary for fertility in the woman.

So if you think that you have some problem with the FSH level, you should go and have a checkup, but make sure that you go with your partner or with someone.

FSH level effects

People may take it lightly that the hormones that affect female fertility can also affect male fertility, but in the case of FSH, it’s true. Both men and women require balanced FSH levels. These hormones control the production of sperms as well as eggs.

If high levels of FSH are found in one’s body, it indicates that the testicles are not working properly or that there may be a genetic condition. Whereas if the FSH level is low, it shows that there is a problem with the production of the sperm. So it does not matter what gender you are, whether male or female; there must be a balance in the FSH levels. The balance in the levels is necessary, and if it is not, you must seek the help of doctors.

In woman the FSH helps in controlling the production of the eggs and controls the menstrual cycle. The level of the follicle varies throughout the menstrual cycle but at the time of the release of the eggs it is on its peak.

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In men, FSH helps control the production of sperms. Apart from this, the FSH level remains constant.

FSH tests

It is necessary to have a Follicle-Stimulating Hormone test. This test may help the woman in one or the other way. It is necessary to consult a doctor if you are having problems in fertility or in the menstrual cycle.

FSH tests help determine the cause of infertility. Apart from this, they help evaluate the woman’s egg supply and the men’s sperm count. FSH tests also help evaluate the problems that females face in their menstrual cycle, which includes irregular periods or the absence of periods. After the tests, one can easily determine whether the woman has gone through menopause or not.

FSH tests also help doctors determine whether a person has gone through puberty or not. It starts in girls and boys younger than 9 or 10. These tests also help determine why the sexual features or organs are not developing.

So, if you feel that you are having problems with your fertility or menstrual cycle, you must consult a doctor. The best time for the follicle test is during the 5th day of the period. Some women are hesitant, but it is necessary that you have an FSH test once in your life. It may protect you from several other problems.

Delores C. West is a compassionate healthcare professional with a focus on women's health and wellness. As a certified nurse-midwife, Delores is dedicated to providing comprehensive care to women throughout their reproductive journey. With a warm and nurturing approach, she empowers her patients to make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Delores's expertise in women's health makes her a trusted resource for individuals seeking personalized and compassionate care. Connect with her on LinkedIn to learn more about her commitment to women's health and wellness.